Jayalalitha Case 2014
Jayalalitha, is an Indian politician and a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.
Born: February 24, 1948 (age 66), Melukote, India
Party: All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Siblings: Jaya Kumar
Education: Church Park Presentation Convent, Bishop Cotton Girls' School
born 24 February 1948, she is an Indian politician and a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. She was a popular actress in Tamil cinema before her entry into politics and have appeared in over 140 Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada films apart from some films in English and Hindi. She is the general secretary of All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK).
She held the office of Chief Minister from 1991 to 1996, briefly in 2001, from 2002 to 2006 and from 2011 to September 2014. She was a member of the Rajya Sabha elected from Tamil Nadu during 1984–89.
She is the second female chief minister of Tamil Nadu after Janaki Ramachandran. She became the first incumbent chief minister in India to be disqualified from holding office due to conviction in a disproportionate assets case on 27 September 2014.
Life and education
Jayalalitha's father died when she was two years old.Her mother then moved to Bangalore, where her parents lived, with Jayalalithaa. Her mother eventually began to work as an actress in Tamil cinema, based in Chennai, having taken the screen name of Sandhya.
Jayalalitha studying in Bishop Cotton Girls' School.She completed her childhood education at Sacred Heart Matriculation School (popularly known as Church Park Presentation Convent or Presentation Church Park Convent) in Chennai and Stella Maris College, Chennai..
When Jayalalitha was 15 years old and was still in school, taking assurances from producers that shooting would take place only during summer vacations and that she would not miss her classes. Jayalalithaa acted in an English language film.She made her debut as the lead actress in Kannada films while still in school, age 15.
Jayalalitha's debut in Tamil cinema was a role in Ventra Aadai, directed by C. V. Sridhar. The following year, she made her debut in Telugu cinema with Manushulu Mamathalu. She was the first heroine to appear in skirts in Tamil films.She acted in one Hindi film called Izzat, with Dharmendra as her male costar in 1968.
In 1982, she joined the AIADMK, which was founded by Ramachandran.Her maiden public speech, "Pennin Perumai" was delivered at the AIADMK's political conference in the same year.
In 1983, she became propaganda secretary for the party and was selected as its candidate in the by-election for the Tiruchendur Assembly constituency.
Ramachandran wanted her to be a member of the Rajya Sabha because of her fluency in English.Jayalalithaa was nominated and elected to that body in 1984 and retained her seat until 1989.Her success in her role as propaganda secretary caused resentment among high-ranking members of the party. By engineering a rift between her and Ramachandran, these members influenced Ramachandran to stop her writing about her personal life in a Tamil magazine. Despite these machinations, she remained admired by the rank and file of the party.
In 1984, when Ramachandran was incapacitated due to a stroke, Jayalalitha was said to have attempted to take over the position of chief minister or the party .She successfully led the campaign in the 1984 general elections, in which the ADMK allied with the Congress.
Jayalalitha contested the subsequent 1989 elections on the basis of being MGR's political heir.
Leader of the Opposition
She was elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1989 as a representative of the Bodinayakkanur (State Assembly Constituency). This election saw the Jayalalithaa-led faction of the AIADMK win 27 seats and Jayalalitha became the first woman to be elected Leader of the Opposition.
In February 1989, the two factions of ADMK merged and they unanimously accepted Jayalalitha as their leader and the "Two leaves" symbol of the party was restored.
On 25 March, quoted as one of the worst incidents to have happened in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, there was heavy violence inside the house among the ruling DMK party members and the opposition.
There were Jayalilatha tearing the budget report to be read by the ruling party. Mikes were broken and shoes were thrown by Jayalalitha. At the peak of the situation, when she was about to leave the house, which is seen by a section of the media as "not until I enter the house as a Chief Minister".
During the 1989 general elections, the ADMK allied with the Congress party and had a significant victory. The ADMK, under her leadership, won the by-elections in Marungapuri, Madurai East and Peranamallur assembly constituencies.
Loss of power
The wedding event of her foster son Sudhakaran, who married a granddaughter of the Tamil film actor Shivaji Ganesan, was held on 7 September 1995 at Chennai and was viewed on large screens by over 150,000 people.
The event holds two Guinness World Records:
For the most guests at a wedding
For being the largest wedding banquet.Subsequently, in November 2011, Jayalalithaa told a special court than the entire Rs. 6 Crore expenses associated with the wedding were paid by the family of the bride.
She was barred from standing as a candidate in the 2001 elections because she had been found guilty of criminal offences, including allegedly obtaining property belonging to a state-operated agency called TANSI. Although she appealed to the Supreme Court, having been sentenced to five years' imprisonment, the matter had not been resolved at the time of the elections.
In March 2002, Jayalalithaa assumed the position of Chief Minister once more, having been acquitted of some charges by the Madras High Court.
This cleared the way for her to contest a mid-term poll to the Andipatti constituency, after the sitting MLA for the seat, gave up his membership, which she won by a handsome margin.
She was sworn in as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 May 2011, having been elected unanimously as the leader of the AIADMK party subsequent to those elections.
On 19 December 2011, Jayalalithaa expelled her long-time close aide Sasikala Natarajan and 13 others from the AIADMK. Most of the party members welcomed her decision,and on 2 February 2012, Tehelka magazine claimed that Natarajan and some of her relatives were conspiring to kill her by poisoning her food over a period of time.The matter was resolved by 31 March, when Sasikala Natarajan was reinstated as a party member after issuing a written apology.
Disproportionate Assets case, 2014
On 27 September 2014, Jayalalithaa was sentenced to four years in jail and fined Rs 100 crore by the Special Court in Bangalore.
She was convicted in an 18-year-old disproportionate assets case that was launched by Subramanian Swamy of the Bharatiya Janata Party on 20 August, 1996.
Jayalalitha's close aide Sasikala Natarajan, her niece Ilavarasi, her nephew and the chief minister's disowned foster son Sudhakaran were also convicted.
They were sentenced to four years in jail and fined Rs 10 crores each. Special Judge John Michael D'Cunha convicted her to owning assets to the tune Rs 66.65 crores (which includes 2,000 acres of land, 30 kg of gold and 12,000 saris) disproportionate to her known sources of income during 1991-96 when she was chief minister for the first time.
She has automatically been disqualified from the post of CM and legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu and is the first chief minister to be disqualified.